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Collective bargaining is the name for the negotiation process between labor unions and business management. Labor unions negotiate terms and conditions for such matters including but not limited to:
§ Work Hours
§ Workplace Conditions
Labor union members elect representatives to speak on their behalf during these collective bargaining events. Each side uses their powers to attempt to pressure the other side into agreeing with terms and conditions. When collective bargaining fails, the union may or may not choose to go on strike and picket the employers workplace.
Collective bargaining is also often used in sports businesses. Often in the headlines, collective bargaining has been associated with Major League Baseball and the National Hockey League. All one has to do is research the Baseball or Hockey Lock Outs to read more about how collective bargaining has been utilized to bypass a deadlock.