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Employment Law and Employment Discrimination

What is employment discrimination?

The equal opportunity employment law states that: a U.S. employer shall not single out any work applicants or employees on the basis of age, race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, or disability.

Discrimination occurs when any of these factors are used as the basis for denying someone employment or when used to prevent current employees from receiving equal opportunities for advancement, raises in pay, equitable treatment from the employer, and workplace environments suitable to an employees needs.

The Equal Pay Act of 1963 seeks to ensure that men and women in the same workplace performing equivalent job duties receive equal pay. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits the discrimination of employment based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The Age Discrimination Act of 1967 offers workers aged 40 years and older protection against discrimination practices based upon their age. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 seeks to provide workers with disabilities provides that qualified persons shall not be denied employment based upon any disability and that the employer shall provide the necessary accommodations to aid the employee in the performance of their job. The Civil Rights act of 1991 provides monetary compensation to applicants and employees that have been discriminated against.

The Equal Opportunity Employment Commission or (EEOC) is charged with overseeing the enforcement of these laws. The EEOC files suits against those employers who violate these statutes and also seeks monetary compensation for victims of employment discrimination.