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What are the Laws that Govern Employment?

Employment is a contract between an employer and an employee. The employer has a product concept and the employee provides the labor required to bring the product concept to fruition. The employee is compensated montarily for his/her labor. There are laws in place to protect workers from employment discriminations and they are as follows:

*       The Civil Rights Act of 1964, and its amendments, which prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin

*       the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which protects men and women who perform substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex-based wage discrimination

*       the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, which protects individuals who are 40 years of age or older

*       Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which prohibit discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities.

*       Title I and Title V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which prohibits employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in the private sector, and in state and local governments

*       the Civil Rights Act of 1991, which, among other things, provides monetary damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination.

*The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1974, which regulates minimum wages and overtime pay for those working more than 40 hours per week.

*   Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, which grants qualified employees up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per calendar year.