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What are the Laws that Govern Employment?
Employment is a contract between an employer and an employee. The employer has a product concept and the employee provides the labor required to bring the product concept to fruition. The employee is compensated montarily for his/her labor. There are laws in place to protect workers from employment discriminations and they are as follows:
The Civil Rights Act of 1964, and its amendments, which prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which protects men and women who perform substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex-based wage discrimination
the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, which protects individuals who are 40 years of age or older
Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which prohibit discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities.
Title I and Title V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which prohibits employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in the private sector, and in state and local governments
the Civil Rights Act of 1991, which, among other things, provides monetary damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination.
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1974, which regulates minimum wages and overtime pay for those working more than 40 hours per week.
Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, which grants qualified employees up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per calendar year.